The 195 officers of the Pakistani army are morally and legally responsible for the 1971 genocide, and Bangladesh has the moral and legal rights to bring them to justice. Pakistan`s apology for the 1974 agreement gives it no time frame. This is the latest in our series that revealed Pakistan`s moral hypocrisy and double language on war crimes committed by its army in Bangladesh in 1971. After the surrender of the Pakistani army, nearly 93,000 Pakistani soldiers and civilians were transferred to India as prisoners of war. On 21 December 1971, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution calling on the parties to respect the Geneva Convention and not to bind conditions to the repatriation of prisoners of war. Article 118 of the Geneva Convention (1949) stipulates that prisoners of war must be repatriated immediately after the end of hostilities. It also provides that the authorities are required to draw up a repatriation plan. India stated that the Pakistani army had surrendered to the joint command of India and Bangladesh and that it was therefore not India`s jurisdiction to recover the prisoners of war themselves. On the other hand, Sheikh Mujib-your-Rahman had stated that he would not participate in any bilateral or trilateral meetings unless Bangladesh had been recognized by Pakistan. On 28 August 1973, India and Pakistan signed an agreement in Delhi for the repatriation of 93,000 civilian and military prisoners to Pakistan. Bengalis in Pakistan should be repatriated to Bangladesh.

Mujib your Rahman clung to his request to try 195 war criminals. Bhutto insisted that Pakistan would not recognize Bangladesh until all prisoners of war were released. Pakistan`s recognition of Bangladesh in February 1974 led to a rapprochement between the two countries. A tripartite agreement between India-Pakistan-Bangladesh, signed in April 1974, resolved all contentious issues related to the 1971 war and also paved the way for the return of 195 war criminals. The last group of prisoners of war arrived in Lahore in April 1974. Simla`s agreement www.mea.gov.in/in-focus-article.htm?19005/Simla+Agreement+July+2+1972. Pakistan on Thursday rejected Dhaka`s new request for Islamabad to formally apologize for atrocities committed by its army in 1971 and said the problem had been resolved as part of a tripartite agreement between the two countries and India in 1974. But Bangladesh reached the agreement because Pakistan held 203 Bangladeshi officials hostage for its 195 high-ranking officers. It also made the repatriation of four Lakh-Bangladeshis uncertain and imposed strong international pressure on Bangladesh.