To address this problem more carefully, it is useful to refer to the “Barcelona Agreement” and the majority is certainly not aware of it. On 28 November 1995, an agreement was signed in the European Union, which was never shared with the citizens of European countries and was never hidden from them. By its seriousness, the Arab-Israeli conflict is the one that most affects the Union for the Mediterranean. [54] Following an armed conflict between Israel and Gaza from December 2008 to January 2009, the Arab group refused to meet at a high level, thus blocking all ministerial meetings scheduled for the first half of 2009. [55] The refusal of Arab foreign ministers to meet with their Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman also led to the cancellation of two ministerial meetings on foreign affairs in November 2009 and June 2010. [56] The sectoral meetings of the Union for the Mediterranean have also been affected by Israel`s treatment of the populations affected by the Israeli population under its control. At the Euro-Mediterranean Water Ministerial Meeting in Barcelona in April 2010, the water strategy was not approved, as it was a terminology disagreement over whether the territories claimed by Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese as “occupied territories” or “occupied territories” should be described as “occupied territories” or “under occupation”. [57] Two other ministerial meetings on higher education and agriculture had to be cancelled due to the same disparity. [58] The Barcelona Declaration, an agreement between the Member States of the European Union and some Mediterranean countries, allows people living in these countries without having to integrate. As a result, they eroded the history and culture of the former. Some analysts have declared the process ineffective. The impasse in the Middle East peace process has implications for the Barcelona process and hinders progress, particularly in the first basket. The economic basket can be considered a success and there have been more projects of cultural exchange and between the peoples of the neighbouring countries.

Other criticisms relate mainly to the predominant role of the European Union. Normally, it is the EU that assesses the state of the situation, which gives the impression that the North dictates to the South what to do. The issue of increased co-responsibility in this process has been raised many times in recent years. The Barcelona process or the Euro-Mediterranean partnership (Euromed) began in 1995 with the Euro-Mediterranean conference in Barcelona. It was organised by the European Union to strengthen its relations with the countries of the Mashriq and Maghreb regions. The partnership laid the foundations for the Union for the Mediterranean.The enlargement of the European Union in 2004 brought two other Mediterranean countries (Cyprus and Malta) into the Union, while the number of Member States was increased by 10 in total. The Euro-Mediterranean partnership now has 39 members: 27 Member States of the European Union, 3 candidate countries: Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey and 9 Mediterranean partners (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Syria and Tunisia).